Quiz. Regarding quiz question number one, see Di Stefano, Giada, Francesca Gino, Gary P. Pisano, and Bradley R. Staats. “Learning by Thinking: Overcoming the Bias for Action through Reflection.” Harvard Business School NOM Unit Working Paper, no. 14–093 (2015): 14–093.
Regarding quiz question number two, see David Dunning, Kerri Johnson, Joyce Ehrlinger, and Justin Kruger, “ Why People Fail to Recognize Their Own Incompetence,” Current Directions in Psychological Science 12 (3) (2003): 83-87.
Regarding quiz question number three, see Rowe, Mary Budd. "Wait time: slowing down may be a way of speeding up!." Journal of teacher education 37.1 (1986): 43-50.
Regarding question number four, see Philip A. Higham and Catherine Gerrard, “Not All Errors Are Created Equal: Metacognition and Changing Answers on Multiple-Choice Tests,” Canadian Journal of Experimental Psychology/Revue Canadienne de Psychologie Expérimentale 59, no. 1 (2005): 28.
Resources. If you believe that you would have seen the mustache on the Virgin Mary, try this video.
Or just keep a diary or just write up some notes or thoughts. These are all great ways to reflect on a topic.
References. On inattentional blindness, see Christopher F. Chabris et al, "You do not talk about Fight Club if you do not notice Fight Club: Inattentional blindness for a simulated real-world assault,"i-Perception 2.2 (2011): 150-153.
On reflection, see Di Stefano, Giada, Francesca Gino, Gary P. Pisano, and Bradley R. Staats. “Learning by Thinking: Overcoming the Bias for Action through Reflection.” Harvard Business School NOM Unit Working Paper, no. 14–093 (2015): 14–093.
On the benefits of reflection and outdoors, see Atchley, Ruth Ann, David L. Strayer, and Paul Atchley. "Creativity in the wild: Improving creative reasoning through immersion in natural settings." PloS one 7, no. 12 (2012): e51474.
For bricks, see Moreau, C. Page, and Marit Gundersen Engeset. "The Downstream Consequences of Problem-Solving Mindsets: How Playing with LEGO Influences Creativity." Journal of Marketing Research 53, no. 1 (2016): 18-30.
Also cited is Smallwood, Jonathan, Daniel J. Fishman, and Jonathan W. Schooler. "Counting the cost of an absent mind: Mind wandering as an underrecognized influence on educational performance." Psychonomic Bulletin & Review 14, no. 2 (2007): 230-236.
The detail about Pat Metheny comes from Gary Marcus, Guitar Zero: The Science of Becoming Musical at Any Age (Penguin Books, 2012).
Ambrose, Susan A., Bridges, Michael W., DiPietro, Michele, Lovett, Marsha C., and Marie K. Norman. How Learning Works: Seven Research-Based Principles for Smart Teaching. San Francisco, CA: Jossey-Bass, 2010. Kindle Edition.